The frustrating part in this reality is that the majority of people have never thought about the reasons why they believe what they believe. It is simply enough for them to know that they are not for this candidate, so that must make them a liberal or that they like this idea, so that must make them a conservative.
I have spent much of my adult life thinking about politics, what I believe, and whether or not it aligns with my faith in Jesus Christ. I went from being an ultraconservative to a libertarian. I have found libertarianism to be more intellectually satisfying and more consistent with Christian teaching than the conservatism that I grew up with. Today I want to share with you the foundational beliefs that make up my political philosophy.
1. The nonaggression principle.
This the core tenant of libertarianism: don’t hurt people and don’t take their stuff. While that is an oversimplification of principle, it does capture the main point of it. It is essential, and completely aligns with the teachings of Jesus, that we don’t seek to cause harm to other people. This means we respect their boundaries, that we tolerate their lifestyle, and that the only proper use of force is in the protection of life and property. This principle applies not only to individuals but to the government as well. What is off limits to people should also be off limits organizations.
2. Freedom is found in Jesus and not a form of government.
One of my favorite passages of Scripture is 1 Peter 2:16; Live as people who are free, not using your freedom as a cover-up for evil, but living as servants of God. (ESV) This verse is found in the middle of a section where Peter urged his readers to submit to the government, including the emperor. These people weren’t free because of the government, but because of the choices they were able to make as they followed Jesus. He set them free from sin and death, and continued to lead them into greater and greater freedom.
Look around us and we will see that many people in the United States are not free. They are enslaved by debt, by addiction, by bad relationships, and a number of other reasons. More often than not their enslavement is caused by a series of choices that they have made. True freedom is not dependent on the government, but on following Jesus.
A tangent to this idea is the reality that all freedom is a gift from God. Our founders understood this and that is why they wrote; “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.” The Declaration of Independence tells us that our liberties are a gift from God and not from government. The purpose of government is to protect the liberties of people.
3. The politics of this world utilize two tools: propaganda (spin) and violence (force).
I am indebted to Dr. Mark Moore for this principle. The idea that propaganda is one of the tools of politics is essential to remember. The reason is that many of us can get caught up in the spin of politics and we never stop to ask what is really true. President Bush was involved in propaganda when he urged us to go to war in Iraq. President Obama was involved in propaganda when he tried to convince us of the need to pass health care reform. When there is an agenda on the line you can be certain that half-truths and bold face lies are being thrown around.
We have to be very careful not to take things at face value. I am especially leery when I hear some one say: “this is the truth” (like I am just to trust them to be unbiased and to present the real facts of the issue.).
The second part of this principle is that politics deals with violence. The government basically has a monopoly on the use of force. The government and its agents can use force on you, but don’t ever try to use force on it, because you will pay a steep price if you do.
The fact that the government carries the sword is not a necessarily a bad thing. Please remember, it is one of their God-given duties to enforce laws. The rub is that the only way the government has to enforce laws is through force. Therefore the government of these United States have military units and different law enforcement agencies to make sure people comply to its wishes. Since that is the case it is very prudent to limit government from being able to use that force and the only way to do that is to keep government small.
4. Focus on principles and not agendas.
This idea builds off the reality that the government uses propaganda to get its agenda accomplished. The problem is that most of us don’t have the means or the time to really dig into the truth of the matter. Who has time to read 1,500 page bill or track down ever stat used in a speech? It would consume our lives if that is what we had to do to participate in the political process, and excuse me if I don’t trust politicians and talk show hosts to tell me the truth.
When I talk about principles I am talking about political principles rather than moral principles. I don’t do this because of some misguided understanding of the idea of separation of church and state, but because some times we can allow our moral principles to cloud the issue. For example, I know that many well-intentioned Christians support health care reform because of the Christian principle that we need to help people in need, and so they are okay with the Government stepping in and taking over a part of life that the Constitution doesn’t give it the power to take over.
By focusing on political principles such as limited government, the nonaggression principle, and sound money we are able to have the clarity needed to navigate through the murkiness of political spin. It is also my belief that when the government is in its proper place the moral issues of our day will take care of themselves.
5. Free markets and sound money are crucial to liberty.
As we look back at history, and even at the world today, what we notice is that capitalism brings more people out of poverty than anything else tried by man. When you unleash the power of the individual to make choices about how to earn money and how to use that money you empower him to be productive.
When governments impose rules and regulations on people they raise a barrier of entry into the market place that keep the poor out. When governments place heavy tax burdens on people it makes it difficult to save since they need an increasing percentage of their income for taxes. It also robs them of the motivation to work harder since they know they will keep little of the extra that they make.
One of the the great evils in these United States is the Federal Reserve. Because of the inflation that the Federal Reserve promotes people are robbed of their savings. In order to have money for retirement what are people forced to do? They are forced to risk it in the stock market, because simply putting it in a savings account causes the money to decrease in value rather than increase.
Not only is our money stolen through inflation, but because of the manipulation of interest rates the Fed also causes bubbles in certain sectors which gives us a cycle of booms and busts that can have devastating effects on the lives of people. We saw how the housing bubble completely wiped out many people’s financial gains in 2008, and this reminds us that we can’t be financially secure when the value of our money is being manipulated.
6. Think locally and act locally.
I am indebted to Brion McCalanahan (specifically this podcast) for this principle.
This is an overlooked principle that is crucial to maintaining liberty. Part of the problem that we face in these United States is that we have made everything a national issue and we have squeezed the states out of their rightful place.
In my mind this has had two effects. First, it has increased the power of the federal government. According the Constitution the federal government has limited and enumerated powers, but in order to solve problems the states allowed the federal government to over step its bounds, and now we just assume the federal government can do all these wonderful things for us.
The second effect is that it removed the last line of defense the people had against an out of control federal government. Originally the states could withhold money, withhold their senators, and even nullify laws if the people felt the federal government was getting out of hand, but that is no longer the case.
What this means is that if we really want to reign in the federal government, then we need to start ignoring what the federal government has to say and start fixing the problems we face in a way that make sense at the local level. In other words, we have to start get skin in the game in our communities and stop expecting Washington, or even at times, our state governments to come up with the solution. Liberty is never given from the top down, but it must be fought for from the bottom up.
7. The Government is evil.
The Government is evil is because it is run by men and women who have wicked hearts. They are too easily seduced by money, power, sex, and fame. Since that is the case the question is raised, “Why should we trust them?”
I don’t think we should. One of the problems that have plagued this country is that we bought into this notion of American greatness and we became so patriotic that we no longer seriously question what our government does. We need to own up to the fact that the United States has done terrible things in this world.
We can no longer naively believe that what our government does, whether it is here or abroad, is good. From torturing prisoners to stealing our money through taxes and inflation the Federal Government continues to be evil. This is another reason why it is vital to have a limited government that is held in check by the Constitution. When the Government is left to run unconstrained it will reek havoc in the lives of people.
My hope is not in a great United States but in Christ Jesus and His Kingdom. First and foremost I am citizen of His Kingdom, and so no matter what happens to these United States my hope is secure.
Thank God for that reality.